Kostanay region is located in the north-west of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Its area is 196.0 km2. Bordered on the north by the Kurgan region, in the north-west of Chelyabinsk region, in the west of the Orenburg region of the Russian Federation, in the south-west from the Aktobe region, in the east of North Kazakhstan regions. It is divided into 16 administrative regions. The region has 5 cities, 203 county villages, 799 village settlements. The administrative center – Kostanay.
On the surface of the device in the region stand out: Kustanay and South Torgai plains Zauralskaya, Adaevsko- Ulkayakskoe and East Torgai plateau and Torgai trough. Kostanay Plain is part of the West Siberian Plain.
In the depths of the Kostanay region found large reserves of iron ore, non-ferrous, rare and precious metals, non-metallic minerals, brown coal, fresh and mineral waters. It opened a unique field: Sokolovsky, Sarbaiskoye, Kachar, each of which has holdings of more than a billion tons of high-grade ore.
Climate of Kostanay region, located in the heart of the Eurasian continent, continental. In the winter months the minimum temperature often drops to 30-35 0С, in the summer maximum temperature exceeds 300С. Significant rains in excess of the daily volatility, falls relatively rare.
The river network is well developed only in the northern and southern parts of the region. Rivers longer than 100 km – 21 and more than 500 km, only two – Tobol and Turgai.
Land area fund is 11391.1 thousand ha. Under the agricultural production is 10556.9 thousand ha. In the structure of agricultural lands occupy 10,368.0 thousand hectares, or 91%, including arable land – 49.2%, hayfields and pastures – 41.8%.
In the four vegetation zones highlighted: forest-steppe, steppe, semi-desert and desert. Mostly common birch and aspen-birch forests, combined with meadow-grass steppes.
On the territory of Kostanay region grows 85 species of rare and endangered plants.
Modern fauna of Kostanay region has 1,000 species of invertebrates, 24 fish species, 3 species of amphibians, 6 species of reptiles, 156 species of birds, 40 species of birds that pass through the area of the wintering grounds to the breeding sites and back, 59 species of mammals. In the territory of Kostanay region is somehow related the existence of at least 318 species of vertebrates.